• No compromise: The plug-in hybrid technology.

No compromise about the car.

For many of us, electric cars are not compatible with our everyday needs: we worry about range and the insufficient charging infrastructure. This limitation of our individual mobility contradicts electric driving. Because we do not compromise about a car. But actually, we would not need to: because with plug-in hybrids, we can do both.

The Mercedes-Benz A-Class driving along a bridge.

A plug-in hybrid fulfils both demands.

Fully electric driving to the city, gym, kindergarten or the supermarket. And long-distance driving with a powerful combustion engine for holiday travels or a spontaneous weekend trip into the mountains. A plug-in hybrid fulfils both demands. We met Jochen Eck in order to learn how the technology in our compact car segment works and why plug-in hybrids make a vehicle more efficient. At Mercedes-Benz, Jochen Eck is head of overall vehicle testing for compact cars and thus responsible for A- and B-Class as well as CLA and GLA with EQ Power. Jochen’s team checks the driving performance of prototypes and ensures that all components (for example the electric motor) and applications (such as the functional interaction of combustion engine and electric motor) of a car work properly – both in the freezing cold of Sweden and in the blazing heat of Nevada.

A 250 e:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,6–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 36–32 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,7–14,8 kWh/100 km.¹

A 250 e Limousine:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,5–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 35–31 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,3–14,6 kWh/100 km.¹

B 250 e:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,6–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 36–32 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,4–14,7 kWh/100 km.¹

CLA 250 e:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,5–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 35–31 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,2–14,7 kWh/100 km.¹

CLA 250 e Shooting Brake:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,6–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 37–33 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,5–14,8 kWh/100 km.¹

GLA 250 e:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,8–1,6 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 41–38 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 16,1–15,5 kWh/100 km.¹

Three Mercedes-Benz vehicles standing in front of the EQ Power logo.

A plug-in hybrid fulfils both demands.

Fully electric driving to the city, gym, kindergarten or the supermarket. And long-distance driving with a powerful combustion engine for holiday travels or a spontaneous weekend trip into the mountains. A plug-in hybrid fulfils both demands. We met Jochen Eck in order to learn how the technology in our compact car segment works and why plug-in hybrids make a vehicle more efficient. At Mercedes-Benz, Jochen Eck is head of overall vehicle testing for compact cars and thus responsible for A- and B-Class as well as CLA and GLA with EQ Power. Jochen’s team checks the driving performance of prototypes and ensures that all components (for example the electric motor) and applications (such as the functional interaction of combustion engine and electric motor) of a car work properly – both in the freezing cold of Sweden and in the blazing heat of Nevada.

Three Mercedes-Benz vehicles standing in front of the EQ Power logo.

A 250 e:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,6–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 36–32 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,7–14,8 kWh/100 km.¹

CLA 250 e:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,5–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 35–31 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,2–14,7 kWh/100 km.¹

A 250 e Limousine:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,5–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 35–31 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,3–14,6 kWh/100 km.¹

CLA 250 e Shooting Brake:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,6–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 37–33 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,5–14,8 kWh/100 km.¹

B 250 e:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,6–1,4 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 36–32 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 15,4–14,7 kWh/100 km.¹

GLA 250 e:
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert: 1,8–1,6 l/100 km;
CO₂‑Emissionen kombiniert: 41–38 g/km;
Stromverbrauch kombiniert: 16,1–15,5 kWh/100 km.¹

The plug-in hybrid technology.

In contrast to a conventional combustion engine, plug-in hybrid cars are additionally driven by an electric motor, which obtains its energy from a lithium-ion battery. The battery can be charged both with the combustion engine and at a charging station. That’s where the term Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) originates from and what differentiates the “plug hybrids” from full hybrid vehicles whose battery can only be charged with the combustion engine and through recuperation.

“The Mercedes-Benz compact cars are operated with the third-generation plug-in technology,” explains Jochen Eck. “It’s primarily characterized by the powerful 75 kW electric motor which is a lot of fun. And the battery which provides an electric range of up to 79 kilometres (NEDC) and thus far enough for your daily commute.” At the same time, the car does not offer significantly less space: the exhaust does not end at the vehicle’s rear but in a centrally positioned outlet under the vehicle floor. The fuel tank is integrated into the rear axle and makes room underneath the rear seats where the battery is built in. That is why the boot capacity is slightly reduced compared to the compact models without hybrid engines. In Jochen Eck’s opinion a “mini-compromise when you consider the number of additional components we had to fit into the plug-in hybrids.”

The plug-in hybrid technology.

In contrast to a conventional combustion engine, plug-in hybrid cars are additionally driven by an electric motor, which obtains its energy from a lithium-ion battery. The battery can be charged both with the combustion engine and at a charging station. That’s where the term Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) originates from and what differentiates the “plug hybrids” from full hybrid vehicles whose battery can only be charged with the combustion engine and through recuperation.

“The Mercedes-Benz compact cars are operated with the third-generation plug-in technology,” explains Jochen Eck. “It’s primarily characterized by the powerful 75 kW electric motor which is a lot of fun. And the battery which provides an electric range of up to 79 kilometres (NEDC) and thus far enough for your daily commute.”

At the same time, the car does not offer significantly less space: the exhaust does not end at the vehicle’s rear but in a centrally positioned outlet under the vehicle floor. The fuel tank is integrated into the rear axle and makes room underneath the rear seats where the battery is built in. That is why the boot capacity is slightly reduced compared to the compact models without hybrid engines. In Jochen Eck’s opinion a “mini-compromise when you consider the number of additional components we had to fit into the plug-in hybrids.”

The electric motor.

In compact cars, the engines are not installed longitudinally but transversely. The plug-in hybrids have a 1.33-litre four-cylinder engine with an 8G-DCT dual clutch transmission. The electric motor is located between the combustion engine and the transmission. It achieves 75 kW, which, together with the four-cylinder engine, produces a system output of 160 kW (218 PS). The compact hybrids do not have a separate 12-volt starter; the combustion engine is started by the electric motor.

The engine of the Mercedes-Benz EQC 400 4MATIC.

Battery & chargers.

The lithium-ion high-voltage battery is water-cooled and weighs around 150 kg. It has a total capacity of approximately 15.6 kWh and can be charged at an external electric energy source (charging station, wallbox or household socket) with direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC). With DC charging, the battery can be charged from 10 to 80 percent SoC (Status of Charge defines the charging status in relation to the battery capacity) in around 25 minutes. With AC charging at a 7.4 kW wallbox, the battery can be charged within 1 hour and 45 minutes from 10 to 100 percent SoC. Thus charging is easily integrated into everyday life – as long as the supermarket, city car park or employee parking space offers (sufficient) charging stations. At home, the battery can be fully recharged at a conventional household socket within 5 hours.

A woman charges the Mercedes-Benz A 250 e.

Power transfer.

But how does the electrical power transfer from the energy source to the battery? With the chargers installed in the vehicle: a 7.4 kW AC charger converts the absorbed alternating current from household socket, Wallbox or charging station to direct current and charges the battery with a charging capacity of up to 7.4 kW. Fun tech fact: the charging capacity of a conventional smartphone charger is about 18 watts. Thus, the charging capacity of a 7.4 kW AC charger corresponds to about 411 smartphone chargers.

A graphic about the power transfer in a Mercedes-Benz plug-in hybrid vehicle.

Efficient electric performance.

“Our compact cars with EQ Power are very efficient overall,” says Jochen Eck. “Not only because of the power of the electric motor and the battery but also because we use both components for recuperation.” Recuperation means brake energy regeneration, which makes it possible to recharge the battery while driving: when braking or coasting, the energy is recovered and stored in the battery. In total, the plug-in hybrids have five different drive programmes. In Comfort, the emphasis is on driving dynamics in a combined drive mode and in ECO, electric driving is prioritized. In Sport, driving with the combustion engine is preferred. If you need to save electric range on a long-distance trip, e.g. for an electric city drive at your destination, the drive mode Battery Level keeps the battery’s status of charge constant by only using the combustion engine.

Maximum electric performance is available in the drive mode Electric with fully electric driving. The combustion engine is only engaged if the driver makes a kickdown, for instance. Furthermore, five different recuperation levels can be selected individually with the steering wheel paddles: DAUTO, D+, D, D- and D--. Jochen Eck suggests: “Especially for everyday driving DAUTO is very comfortable as the driver can completely leave recuperation to the vehicle. It automatically decides whether recuperation is feasible and if so, in which level. Depending on vehicles ahead, which are constantly monitored via radar.”

Efficient electric performance.

“Our compact cars with EQ Power are very efficient overall,” says Jochen Eck. “Not only because of the power of the electric motor and the battery but also because we use both components for recuperation.” Recuperation means brake energy regeneration, which makes it possible to recharge the battery while driving: when braking or coasting, the energy is recovered and stored in the battery. In total, the plug-in hybrids have five different drive programmes. In Comfort, the emphasis is on driving dynamics in a combined drive mode and in ECO, electric driving is prioritized. In Sport, driving with the combustion engine is preferred. If you need to save electric range on a long-distance trip, e.g. for an electric city drive at your destination, the drive mode Battery Level keeps the battery’s status of charge constant by only using the combustion engine.

Maximum electric performance is available in the drive mode Electric with fully electric driving. The combustion engine is only engaged if the driver makes a kickdown, for instance. Furthermore, five different recuperation levels can be selected individually with the steering wheel paddles: DAUTO, D+, D, D- and D--. Jochen Eck suggests: “Especially for everyday driving DAUTO is very comfortable as the driver can completely leave recuperation to the vehicle. It automatically decides whether recuperation is feasible and if so, in which level. Depending on vehicles ahead, which are constantly monitored via radar.”

The intelligent operating strategy.

Leaving consideration to the car is also possible with the intelligent, route-based operating strategy. Based on navigation data, topography, speed limits and traffic conditions, it decides which sections along the planned route are most appropriate for electric driving and which ones are not. Jochen Eck explains: “Enter the destination into your navigation system and hit the road. The vehicle will automatically select the most efficient operating strategy: for driving on the motorway, the combustion engine is selected, for city driving the battery comes first. Always aiming to reach the vehicle’s maximum efficiency.” Furthermore, MBUX supports the driver in finding a charging station – either along the route or at the destination. “This makes your experience in a plug-in hybrid even more convenient,” says Jochen Eck.

No matter whether long- or short-distance driving: the compact plug-in hybrids are efficient and intelligent – not despite, but due to the electric drive. Thus, we do not need to compromise about electric mobility.

The interior of a Mercedes-Benz vehicle.
Kraftstoffverbrauch kombiniert CO₂-Emissionen kombiniert Stromverbrauch im kombinierten Testzyklus

Product may vary after press date on 08.09.2020.

1 Die angegebenen Werte wurden nach dem vorgeschriebenen Messverfahren ermittelt. Es handelt sich um die „NEFZ-CO₂-Werte“ i. S. v. Art. 2 Nr. 1 Durchführungsverordnung (EU) 2017/1153. Die Kraftstoffverbrauchswerte wurden auf Basis dieser Werte errechnet. Der Stromverbrauch wurde auf der Grundlage der VO 692/2008/EG ermittelt. Weitere Informationen zum offiziellen Kraftstoffverbrauch und den offiziellen spezifischen CO₂-Emissionen neuer Personenkraftwagen können dem „Leitfaden über den Kraftstoffverbrauch, die CO₂-Emissionen und den Stromverbrauch aller neuen Personenkraftwagenmodelle“ entnommen werden, der an allen Verkaufsstellen und bei der Deutschen Automobil Treuhand GmbH unter www.dat.de unentgeltlich erhältlich ist.

4 Angaben zu Kraftstoffverbrauch, Stromverbrauch und CO₂-Emissionen sind vorläufig und wurden vom Technischen Dienst für das Zertifizierungsverfahren nach Maßgabe des WLTP-Prüfverfahrens ermittelt und in NEFZ-Werte korreliert. Eine EG-Typgenehmigung und Konformitätsbescheinigung mit amtlichen Werten liegen noch nicht vor. Abweichungen zwischen den Angaben und den amtlichen Werten sind möglich.

6 Stromverbrauch und Reichweite wurden auf der Grundlage der VO 692/2008/EG ermittelt. Stromverbrauch und Reichweite sind abhängig von der Fahrzeugkonfiguration. Weitere Informationen zum offiziellen Kraftstoffverbrauch und den offiziellen spezifischen CO₂-Emissionen neuer Personenkraftwagen können dem „Leitfaden über den Kraftstoffverbrauch, die CO₂-Emissionen und den Stromverbrauch aller neuen Personenkraftwagenmodelle“ entnommen werden, der an allen Verkaufsstellen und bei der Deutschen Automobil Treuhand GmbH unter www.dat.de unentgeltlich erhältlich ist.